Terpenes 101

October 20, 2021 Industry News and Facts No Comments »

Why is it that just the scent of certain strains of marijuana can make you kick back, smile and relax. Where others are pungent to your nose. These effects can seem almost as invigorating as consuming the plant. From light citrus florals to heavy gasy diesel smells, cannabis aromas can drive you to your favorite strains. But, what gives your cannabis that aromatic essence? Several compounds in the marijuana plant create the smell, taste, and look of the plant. Growers have been using specific properties in marijuana plants that cause the effects users, like us, look for. These attributes are known as terpenes.


One of the significant compounds used in essential oils, terpenes, is most commonly derived from plants, including teas, herbs, and, of course, cannabis. We can also find terpenes in animals. Terpenes are essentially found in the animal’s egg yolk, fish scales, and feathers.

Terpenes are used in nature to attract, insects or anything else by producing elegant fragrances and colors. They can also be used to create pungent orders and even unpleasant tastes to keep harm at bay.  With the right combinations amazing tastes and smells and send the users into uphoria.

We value terpenes for their therapeutic and medicinal purposes. They are in spices, teas, and essential oils we use every day. Two of these spices are Curcumin and Thyme. Curcumin is a much-loved spice in Indian dishes. It boasts a wide range of healing qualities but is best known as an anti-inflammatory and pain reliever. Thyme is another spice routinely used in our cooking. Therapeutically it has both antibacterial and antifungal properties.

Teas we drink for their healing qualities include green, Rooibos, and Turmeric. The terpenes in these teas are known for their anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and calming characteristics.

There are also a wide variety of terpenes found in marijuana. Cannabis terpenes are similar to the more well-known compounds of THC and CBD. Like these main chemicals, marijuana terpenes have various therapeutic attributes that include analgesic, anti-anxiety, and anti-inflammatory properties.


In cannabis strains, there are both primary and secondary terpenes. The primary cannabis terpenes are the major influence on how the plant looks, taste, and aroma it gives off. Secondary terpenes are the underlying substances that add depth and layers to all of these plant features.

Plant types are divided into two categories, Indica & Sativa. These two groupings are based on the type of hybrid-traits the plant has, including taste and aroma, and what effects a strain has on the user. Typically, Indica strains give the users an all-over body relaxation. Sativa strains are known for their energizing, creative highs. The taste, scent, texture, and effect a strain gives goes way beyond the sativa vs indica division. What variety of marijuana terpenes are in a particular strain and whether that terpene is primary or secondary is the real reason a strain is Indica or Sativa.

Terpenes are the properties we often use to describe our favorite marijuana strain. With the wide variety of aromas, tastes, and textures, you can enjoy everything from the subtle wave of joy to the overwhelming relaxation of “couch-lock.” With so many to choose from, relax take it slow and Enjoy the Journey.


Pinene- This compound is commonly derived from the resin in pine trees. Like trees, in other plants, it also has that wonderful outdoorsy, earthy aroma. As a therapeutic remedy, it can be used as an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and bronchial dilator. Haze Berry, OG Kush, and Blue Dream tend to have a higher amount of the cannabis terpene, Pinene.

Humulene– This is another outdoorsy, woodsy scent. Two main medical uses are for an appetite suppressant and an anti-inflammatory. Humulene terpenes can be found in marijuana strains such as Gelato, Atlantis, and Sour Diesel.

Limonene– With its bright, citrusy scent, Limonene’s aroma is a mood elevator. Its uplifting qualities help to reduce anxiety and depression. Another therapeutic property is as a digestive aid. This compound is found in Wedding Cake, Quantum Kush, and Berry White.

Myrcene– Be prepared if you use a strain of marijuana with this terpene. It’s known for an overall body relaxation, also known as “Couch-Lock.” Another fundamental property is the ability to enhance absorption through the skin and to also increase the number of cannabinoid substances in the brain. More cannabinoids in the brain give the user a sense of euphoria. The scent is an earthy, clove-like smell. Marijuana strains with this terpene include OG Kush, Girl Scout Cookies, and Grape Ape. Myrcene is also a chemical in hops, the major component in beer.


Borneol- This terpene has a minty aroma and flavor with an unusual underlying metallic tone. Its medicinal qualities include uses as an anti-inflammatory and an analgesic. You can find Borneol in cannabis strains such as K13-Haze, Golden Haze, and Amnesia Haze.

Phytol-With flora tones, this marijuana terpene gives the user a sense of relaxation. It’s often used for its sedative and anti-anxiety properties. Another of its therapeutic qualities is as an anti-inflammatory. This terpene can be found in the underlying tones of Sour Diesel, Blue Dream, and the marijuana strain Cheese.

Eucalyptol. The aroma of this terpene is a cooling menthol, minty scent. It has both anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. It is a secondary component of the marijuana strains Girl Scout Cookies, AC/DC, and Headband.

Sabinene-Although not one of the most common cannabis terpenes, this strain has a unique peppery or spicy scent. Many users say it smells like pumpkin pie or reminds them of the holidays. Although this terpene should be used in small quantities, its medicinal uses include anti-bacterial and antioxidant properties. One of the main strains it’s found in is Super Silver Haze.

Terpene Aroma Effects Boiling Points Cannabis Strains
Pinene pine woodsy anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, bronchial dilator 311°F Haze Berry OG Kush

Blue Dream

Humulene spicy herbal anti-inflammatory appetite Suppressant 222.8°F Gelato Atlantis

Sour Diesel

Limonene citrus uplifting, anti-anxiety, anti-depressant 348.8°F Wedding Cake Quantum Kush

Berry White

Myrcene earthy musk


relaxation, euphoria“couch-lock” 332.6°F OG Kush Girl Scout Cookies

Grape Ape

Borneol mint metallic anti-inflammatory and analgesic 415.4°F K-13 Haze Golden Haze

Amnesia Haze

Phytol floral sedative, anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory 399.2°F Sour Diesel Blue Dream


Eucalyptol minty menthol anti-bacterial and anti-fungal 341.6°F Girl Scout Cookies AC/DC


Sabinene woodsy spicy


digestive aid, anti-bacterial, antioxidant 326.4°F Super Silver Haze
KCM THC Terpenes v2

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